Tuesday, August 4, 2020

Eighteenth Sunday after Trinity in the Medieval "Baltic Rite"

Readers may be interested in this video of a representation of the Sunday Mass of the Eighteenth Sunday after Trinity in the use of Hamburg-Bremen, which was that of the Baltic region and Scandinavia in the middle ages.  I have had to divide the video because of its size and the limits of Blogger uploading.  The first video shows the Mass from the priest's preparation to the Creed.  The second shows the Mass from the people's Offertory Procession to the final blessing.  If you want to view the video as a single file, click here.  If you would like a program in Latin and English, click here.
As you watch the first part, you will notice a number of interesting rubrical differences from the Mass of the St. Pius V.  In particular, the singing of the Creed before the sermon.  In this video I have cut the sermon, as well as a scholarly introduction and the people's prayers (Apostle's Creed, Our Father, Hail Mary, Sign of the Cross) because they are in Swedish. If you want to see these, you may at this YoutTube link, which has  the entire video. As you can see in the program, the Mass follows the order of chants and readings used in the North before the Tridentine reform.  They come mostly from the 17th and 18th Sundays after Pentecost. Also note the variants in the Latin text, including one in the Gloria. You will notice the priest removing his vestments to preach during the Creed.

And here is the second half, beginning with the Offertory Procession:
Of special interest is the people's Communion. Only two people go to Communion (on the altar steps because of the Rood Screen), since this is not one of the four "General Communions" that were typical of medieval practice. The ambry-tabernacle is also authentic and still in the church. Virtually all the art, as well as the manuscript altar Missal, are actual medieval artifacts.  Note also the manner of giving the Blessing with the paten and the absence of the Last Gospel---only added in the 1500s.  The date of this Mass given at the beginning of the Video would be October 5, 1450.

Finally, those familiar with the Dominican Rite, which is also part of this northern liturgical family, will a number of things in common, such as the extension of the priest's arms after the Consecration.  You can read more about this lovely little church at Endre, Sweden, here.

Sadly, I do not know the origin of this project, but I believe it was put together by a professor of liturgy at the University of Copenhagen.  They certainly went to great lengths to make it authentic.


Benjamin Ekman said...

The priest is father Anders Piltz, dominican tertiary and retired professor of Latin at Lund University.

This book is the basis of the video: Mässa i medeltida socken http://www.gbv.de/dms/ub-kiel/570998719.pdf

Fr. Augustine Thompson, O.P. said...

Dear Mr. Ekman,

Yes, thanks for this. I have been in personal contact with Fr. Piltz. The cantor in the video, Mattias, just got out of the hospital after a life-treatening appendix operation. Please keep him in your prayers.

---Fr. Augustine Thompson O.P.

Jeremy said...

I watched this video on YouTube almost by accident, and seemed to remember from Bonniwell that the Dominican rite took root in the Baltics or at least had an influence. There were some obvious queries: the offertory was bread and wine together (as in OP rite) but seemed very confused. There was little or no positioning of the celebrant who stayed pretty well in one place, nor were there any bows or genuflections. 1450 is quite late liturgically for such a bare presentation. But for all that interesting although clearly a reconstruction. Pity they didn't have recordings in the XV century!